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Planning Your Retirement

The strategies and choices for your retirement, including investments in QROPS (Qualifying Recognised Overseas Pension Schemes) or SIPPs (Self-Invested Personal Pensions), are deeply influenced by your personal circumstances and objectives. Both QROPS and SIPPs offer a high degree of flexibility in investment options, accommodating a vast array of choices. However, it's important to understand that there's no universal solution for retirement planning, as each individual's needs and goals are unique.


This page aims to provide general information about investment strategies, understanding risks, and methods to save for retirement. However, for advice tailored to your specific situation, it's crucial to consult a qualified financial advisor who can offer guidance based on your unique circumstances.

Independent Financial Advice

How Much Should I Save for Retirement?

As a guideline, if you plan to retire at age 65, it's advisable to save a percentage of your income equivalent to half your age when you start saving. For instance, starting at age 20 would mean saving at least 10% of your salary, whereas starting at 40 would mean saving at least 20%. This can be done through regular monthly savings or annual lump sums. It's also recommended to adjust this percentage as your earnings increase. A financial advisor can help calculate the precise value of your retirement fund needed, based on these factors.


It's important to consider that retirement age can vary. For example, a 40-year-old planning to retire at 65 has the same time to retirement as a 30-year-old planning to retire at 55. However, the latter would need to save more each month or rely on higher investment growth, as their retirement period is expected to be longer, affecting factors like annuity rates and state pension eligibility.

To assist you in planning for your retirement, we offer an interactive retirement calculator. This tool allows you to simulate your retirement income by considering your current and future investments. It's designed to help you evaluate whether you are on track with your retirement savings goals. By inputting various details about your current financial situation and your anticipated future investments, the calculator can provide a projection of your potential retirement income, enabling you to make informed decisions about your retirement planning.

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Investment Strategies for Retirement

Many pension plan holders are not actively engaged in how their contributions are invested. In the UK, investments are often funneled into default funds managed by insurance companies, which may not always perform optimally. Diversification is key in investment – spreading your portfolio across various asset types (stocks, bonds, property, etc.) and geographical regions is advisable to mitigate risks.


QNUPS and SIPPs offer the flexibility to select a portfolio of specialized fund managers or delegate investment choices to a regulated discretionary manager who can tailor a portfolio to fit your unique circumstances and goals.

Investment Strategies by Age

    • Before Retirement: With a decade or more until retirement, your portfolio will generally be equity-focused. International exposure to markets like the UK, US, Europe, Japan, Asia, and emerging markets is common. Fixed interest and commercial property funds are also viable options.

    • Nearing Retirement: As you approach retirement, reducing risk becomes crucial. About ten years before retirement, it's prudent to start shifting towards fixed interest investments like corporate and government bonds, money market funds, and eventually moving into cash and fixed interest to protect against market volatility. Regular reviews of your investment portfolio with a financial advisor or discretionary manager are essential to ensure alignment with your changing circumstances and objectives.

    • At and After Retirement: Post-retirement, the focus shifts to generating returns through income. This can be achieved with a portfolio of corporate and government bonds, money market funds, and cash. If equity exposure is desired, equity income funds and stocks with consistent dividend payouts can be beneficial. The income drawdown arrangement in QROPS or SIPP allows for benefit extraction from these investments.

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Understanding Investment Risks

Investment involves various types of risks: inflation, shortfall, manager, liquidity, market, currency, and volatility being the most commonly associated with investment concerns. Volatility refers to the fluctuation of returns for a security or market index around its average. Securities with high volatility have fluctuating returns, leading to uncertainty in expected returns.


Generally, higher-return investments come with increased volatility risk. While they may yield higher returns over the long term, they can also experience value drops in the short to medium term. The appropriate asset allocation must consider your tolerance for risk.


Risk profiling conducted by your financial advisor will categorize your risk profile (e.g., Cautious, Conservative, Balanced, Growth, Aggressive, Speculative). This profiling, often graded on a scale, helps tailor a portfolio that matches your risk tolerance, preferences, and objectives.


Explore your investment preferences and risk tolerance with our interactive risk profiling tool. This user-friendly tool is designed to help you understand your investor profile, guiding you in identifying an investment strategy that aligns with your risk appetite and financial goals. By answering a series of questions about your investment preferences and attitudes towards risk, you'll gain valuable insights into the type of investor you are, which can inform your decision-making in future investments.

For personalized guidance, it's crucial to consult a qualified financial advisor who can align your retirement plans with your unique financial situation and goals.

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